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Food:Nutrition Facts Of Orange And Recipes

Oranges are highly valued for their vitamin C content. It is a primary sourcof vitamin C for most Americans. This wonderful fruit has more to offer
nutritionally than just this one nutrient, containing sufficient amounts of
folacin, calcium, potassium, thiamin, niacin and magnesium. Most of the
consumption of oranges is in the form of juice. Eating the whole fruit
provides 130% of the recommended dietary allowance for vitamin C, less
than the juice, but more fiber, which is not present in the juice.




The fruit is technically a hesperidium, a kind of berry. It consists of several
easily separated carpels, or sections, each containing several seeds and many
juice cells, covered by a leathery skin, containing numerous oil glands. Orange
trees are evergreens, seldom exceeding 30 ft in height. The leaves are oval
and glossy and the flowers are white and fragrant.

These semitropical evergreens probably originated in Southeast Asia. Columbus and other European travelers brought sweet orange seed and seedlings with them to the
New World. By 1820 there were groves in St Augustine, Florida, and by the end of
the Civil War oranges were being shipped north in groves. A freeze produced a major
set back in production in 1895, but by 1910 crops in Florida had been reestablished.




Selection
All varieties should be firm, heavy for
size, and have fine-textured skin. Look
for fruit that is firm and heavy for its
size, with bright, colorful skins. Skin
color is not a good guide to quality.
Fruits may be ripe even though they
may have green spots. Avoid fruit with
bruised, wrinkled or discolored skins;
this indicates the fruit is old or has
been stored incorrectly. Citrus fruit
peel may vary in thickness, depending on
weather conditions during the growing
season. Thinner skins tend to be juicier
than thick skin fruits.
Storage
Oranges can be stored at room temperature, in the refrigerator without
plastic bags or in the crisper drawer for up to 2 weeks. They do not ripen
further after harvest. Fresh-squeezed juice and grated peel or zest may be
refrigerated or frozen, but whole citrus fruit should not be frozen.
Oranges may exhibit some re-greening of the skin; this does not adversely
affect internal fruit quality. Neither does surface scarring, which occurs
when wind brushed young fruit against the tree.

Varieties
Varieties include the sweet orange, the sour orange, and the mandarin
orange, or tangerine. The United States produces the sweet variety. Spain
produces the sour variety, Seville, which is used in marmalades and liquers.
Most all oranges have a yellow orange color with sizes ranging from small to
large. The inside of an orange is plump and juicy. Sweet favorites include the
Blood, Hamlin, Jaffa, Navel, Pineapple and Valencia. The color depends on the
climate. Florida’s warm days and nights produce oranges with some green in
the skin coloring. California and Arizona oranges tend to have deeper orange
color due to cooler desert nights.
The principal varieties of the sweet orange cultivated by orange growers of
the eastern United States are the Hamlin and Parson Brown, both early-
maturing, seedy varieties with thin, russet skin and juicy pulp. Both eastern
and western growers cultivate the Valencia, a late variety that is
commercially seedless. Fresh oranges from California and Arizona are
available throughout the year, with two major varieties, Navels and
Valencias. The Moro orange (a type of blood orange) and the red Cara Navel
are two western-grown seasonal varieties. The Navel orange is a seedless
orange, with medium-thick rind, in which a second small, orange grows. A
variety of the Washington Navel orange is the principal orange product of
Texas.
Make Oranges Part of Your 5 A Day Plan
• Drink a cool glass of orange juice for breakfast or serve orange halves
instead of grapefruit for a change.
• Combine the juice with other fruits and yogurt in the blender for a
smoothie any time of day.
• A couple of tablespoons of orange juice concentrate can be added to a
fruit cup for a great flavorful sauce.
• Cut oranges into wedges and eat them for a light snack or use them as
edible garnishes.
• Buy a zesting tool or grate orange rind to use in recipes, rice, or stir
fry for added flavor.
• Carry an orange with you wherever you go, they come in their own
covered container so you can just peel and eat orange segments
whenever the snack craze occurs.
• Orange juice can be used over fresh fruits to prevent browning.
Recipes
Orange Sorbet
Makes 8 (½ cup) servings
Each serving equals one 5 A Day serving
1 cup sugar
1 cup water
2 Tbsp light-colored corn syrup
4 cups fresh orange juice
¼ tsp orange zest
Combine first 3 ingredients in a small saucepan. Bring to a boil over mediumhigh heat;
cook 45 seconds or until sugar dissolves. Remove from heat; cool completely. Stir in orange juice. Pour mixture into the freezer can of an icecream freezer,and freeze according to manufacturer’s instructions. Spoon sorbet into a freezer-safe container; cover and freeze 1 hour or until firm.
Serve with orange zest on top.
Nutritional analysis per serving: calories 167, protein 1g, fat 0g, percent
calories from fat 1%, cholesterol 0mg, carbohydrates 42g, fiber 0g, sodium
9mg




Confetti Appleslaw
Makes 8 servings
Each serving equals one and one half 5 A Day servings
Source: Produce for Better Health
2 Tbsp orange concentrate, defrosted
1 red apple, unpeeled, cored, and diced
4 cups cabbage, shredded
2 small red onions, finely shredded
1 red or green sweet pepper, thinly sliced
3 Tbsp raisins
1 Tbsp calorie-reduced mayonnaise
½ cup plain low-fat yogurt
½ tsp dry mustard
1/8 tsp Paprika
1/8 tsp freshly ground black pepper
In a large bowl, stir together juice concentrate and diced apple. Add
cabbage, onion, pepper and raisins. In a small bowl, stir together mayonnaise,
yogurt, mustard, paprika, and pepper. Add to vegetable mixture. Cover
tightly and refrigerate until ready to serve.
Nutritional analysis per serving: calories 59, protein 2g, fat 0g, percent
calories from fat 4%, cholesterol 1mg, carbohydrates 14g, fiber 2g, sodium
31mg




Cous Cous with Chicken, Citrus, & Scallions
Makes 2 servings
Each serving equals one 5 A Day serving
Source: Produce for Better Health
1 tsp olive or vegetable oil
½ pound chicken breast, sliced
4 scallions (green onions), diced
1 cup low-sodium chicken broth
½ cup canned mandarin oranges, drained and rinsed
½ grapefruit, peeled and sliced into small pieces, with pith removed
1 5.7 oz box cous cous, cooked (follow instructions on box)
1 tbsp. sliced almonds, toasted*
In a large pan on medium-high heat, heat oil and then add chicken slices.
Brown them lightly on all sides. Making sure they are cooked throughout,
remove them, and set aside. Add scallions to pan and sauté them for 5-10
minutes until tender. Stir in broth and bring to a simmer. Stir in orange
segments, grapefruit segments, and chicken, and simmer for 5 minutes until
all ingredients are heated throughout. Add cooked cous cous and stir well.
Sprinkle with toasted almonds, and serve.
*To toast almonds, spread them in a small pan and bake them at 350° F for
5-6 minutes, stirring once, until they have developed a pale brown color.
Nutritional analysis per serving: calories 223, protein 9g, fat 6g, percent
calories from fat 24%, cholesterol 11mg, carbohydrates 35g, fiber 4g,
sodium 102mg





Sweet & Sour Shrimp With Oranges
Makes 4 servings
Each serving equals two 5 A Day servings
Source: Sunkist Growers
1 medium onion, coarsely chopped
1 medium green bell pepper, coarsely chopped
3/4 cup ketchup (no salt added)
1/2 Sunkist lemon, peeled and juiced
1 tbsp cornstarch
3 tbsps brown sugar
1/2 cup fresh squeeze orange juice
1/4 tsp ground ginger or 2 tsps fresh grated ginger root
3 Sunkist oranges, peeled, cut into bite-size pieces
20 small to medium cook shrimp, with tails and shells removed (about 7 oz)
3 cups cooked rice (no salt added)
Chopped cilantro or parsley
In large non-stick skillet, spray with no-stick cooking spray, cook onion and
green pepper over medium-high heat until tender but not browned. Add
ketchup, lemon peels, and lemon juice. Blend cornstarch and sugar with
orange juice and ginger; add to sauce. Cook, stirring until thickened. Add
orange pieces and shrimp; heat. Serve over hot-cooked rice. Sprinkle with
chopped cilantro. Serve with lemon wedges, if desired.
Nutritional analysis per serving: calories 334, protein 11g, fat 1g, percent
calories from fat 3%, cholesterol 46mg, carbohydrates 72g, fiber 5g, sodium
66mg





Citrus Tossed Salad and Vinaigrette Dressings
Makes 6 servings
Each serving equals one 5 A Day serving
Source: Florida Department of Citrus
6 torn mixed salad greens
3 oranges or 2 grapefruit, peeled, sectioned, and seeded
1 1/2 cups peeled jicama cut into thin strips
1 medium red onion, sliced and separated into ring 1/3 cup
Citrus Vinaigrette or another flavor vinaigrette
Choose from four fabulous flavors of vinaigrette to add a gourmet touch to
this salad. Because orange juice concentrate replaces part of the oil included
in a vinaigrette, these vinaigrettes have only 2 g of fat and 34 calories per
tbsp. instead of 6 g of fat and calories. In a large salad bowl combine torn
mixed greens, orange or grapefruit sections, jicama, and onion ring. Drizzle
with the vinaigrette (see below); toss. Serve at once.
Nutritional analysis per serving (salad): calories 61, protein 2g, fat 0g,
percent calories from fat 3%, cholesterol 0mg, carbohydrates 14g, fiber 5g,
sodium 17mg

Citrus Vinaigrette:
In a screw-top jar combine 3/4 cup frozen orange juice concentrate,
thawed; 1/4 cup vinegar; 1/4 cup olive oil; 1/4 cup water; and 1/4 tsp. pepper.
Shake well to mix. Cover and chill for up to 1 week. Before using, let stand at
room temperature about 15 minutes, then shake well. Makes 1 1/2 cups
dressing.




Garlic-Citrus Vinaigrette:
To 1/3 cup Citrus Vinaigrette, add 1 medium clove garlic, crushed.
Ginger-Citrus Vinaigrette:
To 1/3 cup Citrus Vinaigrette, add 1/2 tsp. grated gingerroot.
Herb-Citrus Vinaigrette:
To 1/3 cup Citrus Vinaigrette, add 1 tsp. snipped fresh thyme or basil or 1/4
tsp. dried thyme or basil crushed.


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